10 Basic Football Techniques for Beginners


Football is the king of sports loved by many people today. Anyone can play football, but becoming a good player is not easy. It requires perseverance and regular practice. Below are the basic football techniques for beginners. New football players don’t overlook!

Steps to go through when learning how to play football

Playing football is not difficult, but playing the role of a player on the field is not easy. For beginners, it is essential to go through the following training steps:

  • Get acquainted with the ball to feel it better.
  • Understand the rules of football to avoid violations during the game.
  • Master the basic football techniques. See more details about techniques: Dribbling past opponents.
  • Develop physical fitness and flexibility to keep up with the pace of the matches.
  • Train in individual football tactics.
  • Train mental strength and solid spirit before every match.
  • Of course, if you want to become a good and professional player, you need to train advanced skills and techniques.

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Top 10 basic football techniques for beginners to practice


Football has a variety of techniques. Therefore, to play this sport well, you need to learn and practice regularly. Here is a guide to basic football techniques that will help you improve your skills and abilities:

1. Warm-up technique

Warm-up is essential for every game.

Warm-up is a crucial technique in any sport. It helps the body adapt to activities and minimizes unwanted injuries during training and matches. For football, warm-up consists of two main techniques:

  • Warm-up without the ball: players rotate their wrists, ankles, and knees. Then, they stretch their front and back legs, perform small steps, raise their thighs, jump in place, and breathe evenly.
  • Warm-up with the ball: players familiarize themselves with the ball before getting into action, such as touching the ball, juggling, passing, and receiving the ball.

These warm-up techniques are not difficult, but players need to execute them correctly to ensure optimal effectiveness. Warm-up activities are usually performed before training or matches. The warm-up time should range from 5 to 10 minutes.

2. Basic shooting technique with the instep

Shooting the ball with the instep is one of the most basic football techniques that every player uses. It is simple, easy to perform, and highly effective.

This technique is often applied in situations such as long passes, crossing the ball, pressing the ball, and even for finishing in front of the opponent’s goal.

3. Basic shooting technique with the inside of the foot

Shooting with the inside of the foot means running perpendicular to the ball, keeping the foot parallel to the ball. The player uses the inside of the foot to make contact with the ball. This set of techniques is continuously used and quite popular when passing the ball.

Once the player is proficient in shooting with the inside of the foot, they should practice additional supporting movements to improve, such as curling shots or bending shots, to enhance their ball-playing skills.

4. Basic ball juggling technique


To have good ball control and football skills, you need to train the juggling technique. Juggling is not easy. It is called the unique art of football. Most good football players can juggle. For beginners, juggling is a technique and a stage that should not be skipped.

To juggle well and have good football skills, you need to practice the following basic exercises:

  • Juggling with the foot: The important task at this stage is to focus on the ball, observe the ball’s movement to accurately calculate its falling time, then use the foot to control the ball at the right moment and in the right direction.

In the beginning, when getting acquainted with the ball juggling technique, you should juggle with one foot first. Calmly juggle one ball at a time, using your foot to control it. After getting used to the ball, you can increase the speed, juggle with 2 balls, 3 balls, 4 balls, 5 balls, and so on.

Once you have practiced juggling with your dominant foot, you can switch to juggling with your non-dominant foot and then combine juggling with both feet simultaneously. An important experience to note is that to juggle well, the contact point of the ball should be the top of the toes or one-third of the foot.

  • Juggling with the thigh: Juggling with the thigh requires the player to ensure that their thigh and leg muscles are at a 90-degree angle when controlling the ball, and the contact point of the ball should be the thigh.

Mastering the juggling technique with the thigh requires more agility, so players need to practice more. Each practice session should include at least 5 sets, with around 30 juggles per set. It’s important to practice regularly for both feet.

5. Heading technique – Basic football technique for beginners


Heading is an art of ball handling on the field that many professional players use. This technique is not simple, and if you want to head the ball accurately, you need to practice consistently, regularly, and with proper technique:

  • Step 1: Use a small, lightweight ball. Stand still to head the ball. At this point, you need to determine the exact direction you want to send the ball. Raise your arms in front to maintain balance for your body. Then, toss the ball up and use your head to strike the ball forward. Perform this step one by one for each ball.
  • Step 2: We will bend our knees and jump up to head the ball in the desired direction. Your neck can be flexible and does not need to be kept straight or rigid.

Note that you should not head the ball with your forehead or temple as it can cause injuries. Moreover, this contact point cannot generate strong force, resulting in a slow and easily deflected ball. Instead, use the outside top part of your forehead to make contact with the ball and head it forward.

  • Step 3: Practice repeatedly to improve your proficiency. In addition to heading the ball, you can also use your head to juggle!

6. Basic passing technique

Football requires players to master various techniques. Passing is a fundamental technique that cannot be overlooked. To pass the ball accurately and with enough force, you need to practice with the following simple exercises:

  • Short passing: Players use the inside of their foot as the contact point to pass the ball.
  • Long passing: This refers to low passes. You should use the instep of your foot to generate enough force to push the ball forward, quickly surpassing opponents.

Generally, to practice passing effectively, you need at least two participants. You should perform passing back and forth multiple times to develop a good feel for the ball. Running into position and aligning the ball during the pass are crucial to ensure high accuracy.

7. Ball control technique

If you want to play football well, you can’t ignore ball control technique. There are many ways to control the ball that you can practice based on your strengths, such as:

  • Chest control: Stand with your feet shoulder-width apart. Then, lean forward to absorb the ball’s momentum and push your chest out to receive the ball in the desired position.
  • Instep control: Players use the arch of the foot, the sole, or the outer part of the foot to control the ball. When the ball comes, we use the foot to make contact. Note that the sole of the foot should cushion the ball before pulling the foot back to absorb the ball’s momentum.
  • Heading control: This basic football technique is used in situations where you receive long passes from teammates or to intercept the opponent’s ball. Depending on the specific situation and how the ball is flying, you can choose to control the ball with the chest, the instep of the foot, or the forehead.

The important principle when heading the ball is to accurately determine its landing point. Then, use your foot to control the ball, slightly retracting the foot to absorb the ball’s momentum. We perform this action similarly with the chest and thigh.

8. Dribbling technique


Good dribbling leads to good ball control.

Dribbling is the most basic technique in football. To dribble well, players need to practice regularly with the following techniques:

  • Running technique: When running, lower the center of gravity, use the top of the foot to move and achieve maximum speed.
  • Stop technique: In certain situations, players need to use sudden stop techniques to deceive opponents while maintaining good ball control.
  • Jumping technique: This technique helps players to head the ball and win aerial duels more effectively.
  • Body feint technique: Combined with fake movements to deceive opponents.
  • Body relaxation technique: During the game, you should take advantage of the time to relax your body and recover your stamina.

9. Tackling technique

When playing football, in addition to the primary task of attacking the opponent’s goal, it is necessary to practice tackling techniques to steal, block, and disrupt the ball. Common techniques include tackling from both sides, frontal tackles, poke tackles with one foot, slanting tackles from behind, or reverse tackles with the opposite foot.

10. Throwing technique

Throwing is also a basic football technique that every player should know when participating in this sport. When throwing, players should stand in the correct position, hold the ball tightly with both hands, and keep both feet on the ground. The ball is brought behind the head slightly off-center. Then, throw the ball forward with force in the desired direction.


Mastering basic football techniques is essential for players to excel in the sport. Ball control techniques, such as chest control, instep control, and heading, allow players to manipulate the ball effectively. Dribbling techniques, including running, stopping, jumping, body feints, and body relaxation, contribute to skillful ball control while moving on the field. Tackling techniques, such as stealing, blocking, and disrupting the ball, are crucial for defensive play. Additionally, understanding throwing techniques is important for executing accurate and powerful throws during the game.

By consistently practicing and honing these basic football techniques for beginners, players can enhance their overall performance and contribute to their team’s success on the football field.

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